Deprivation

Poverty and deprivation aren’t just economic issues – they limit opportunities and prospects for children and young people, damage quality of life for families and harm long-term health and life expectancy. Below are some key statistics relating to poverty and deprivation in Cumbria. To view these key statistics for smaller areas within the county (i.e. districts, electoral divisions, wards and LSOAs) please click on the ‘Maps’ and ‘Profiles’ options above and for more detailed briefings, summaries, resources, data sources, key documents and useful links, please visit our Further Information page.

 

Cumbria - Deprivation - UTLA

This report is available for the following features:

Cumbria - Deprivation - UTLA - Cumbria

Cumbria
Deprivation at a glance...
12%
Percentage of children
living in low income
families
(2016)
12%
Percentage of households
experiencing
fuel poverty
(2016)
N/A
Homeless and in
priority need
1,000 households
(2017-2018)
Index of Multiple Deprivation| Cumbria
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) 2015 is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas (or neighbourhoods) in England.  The IMD ranks every small area (Lower Super Output Area) in England from 1 (most deprived) to 32,844 (least deprived). For larger areas we can look at the proportion of LSOAs within the area that lie within each decile.  Decile 1 represents the most deprived 10% of LSOAs in England while decile 10 shows the least deprived 10% of LSOAs. 2
Index of Multiple Deprivation
4.36 % (areas: 14) 9.35 % (areas: 30) 10.28 % (areas: 33) 10.90 % (areas: 35) 14.02 % (areas: 45) 13.71 % (areas: 44) 10.28 % (areas: 33) 9.66 % (areas: 31) 8.41 % (areas: 27) 9.03 % (areas: 29) Proportion of LSOAs in Cumbria by Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) Decile
The Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) combines information from seven domains to produce an overall relative measure of deprivation. The domains are: Income; Employment; Education; Skills and Training; Health and Disability; Crime; Barriers to Housing Services; Living Environment. Each domain is given a weighting and is based on a basket of indicators.
Income domain
11.84 % (areas: 38) 14.64 % (areas: 47) 14.64 % (areas: 47) 10.59 % (areas: 34) 7.79 % (areas: 25) 8.10 % (areas: 26) 12.77 % (areas: 41) 8.10 % (areas: 26) 5.92 % (areas: 19) 5.61 % (areas: 18) Proportion of LSOAs in  Cumbria by Income Decile
The Income Deprivation Domain measures the proportion of the population in an area experiencing deprivation relating to low income. The definition of low income used includes both those people that are out-of-work, and those that are in work but who have low earnings(and who satisfy therespective means tests).
Employment domain
6.54 % (areas: 21) 11.53 % (areas: 37) 12.77 % (areas: 41) 10.90 % (areas: 35) 8.72 % (areas: 28) 9.66 % (areas: 31) 11.53 % (areas: 37) 10.28 % (areas: 33) 7.79 % (areas: 25) 10.28 % (areas: 33) Proportion of LSOAs in  Cumbria by Employment Decile
The Employment Deprivation measures the proportion of the working-age population in an area involuntarily excluded from the labour market. This includes people who would like to work but are unable to do so due to unemployment, sickness or disability, or caring responsibilities.
Education domain
4.67 % (areas: 15) 10.28 % (areas: 33) 14.33 % (areas: 46) 9.97 % (areas: 32) 8.41 % (areas: 27) 9.97 % (areas: 32) 9.35 % (areas: 30) 8.41 % (areas: 27) 11.84 % (areas: 38) 12.77 % (areas: 41) Proportion of LSOAs in  Cumbria by Education, Skills and Training Decile
The Education, Skills and Training Domain measures the lack of attainment and skills in the local population. The indicators fall into two sub-domains: one relating to children and young people and one relating to adult skills. These two sub-domains are designed to reflect the 'flow' and 'stock' of educational disadvantage within an area respectively.
Health domain
1.56 % (areas: 5) 9.66 % (areas: 31) 9.97 % (areas: 32) 8.72 % (areas: 28) 9.35 % (areas: 30) 9.97 % (areas: 32) 7.79 % (areas: 25) 13.71 % (areas: 44) 12.15 % (areas: 39) 17.13 % (areas: 55) Proportion of LSOAs in Cumbria by Health Deprivation and Disability Decile
The Health Deprivation and Disability Domain measures the risk of premature death and the impairment of quality of life through poor physical and mental health. The domain measures morbidity, disability and premature mortality but not aspects of behaviour or environment that may be predictive of future health deprivation.
Crime domain
30.84 % (areas: 99) 14.33 % (areas: 46) 10.90 % (areas: 35) 7.48 % (areas: 24) 7.17 % (areas: 23) 6.85 % (areas: 22) 7.17 % (areas: 23) 4.05 % (areas: 13) 4.98 % (areas: 16) 6.23 % (areas: 20) Proportion of LSOAs in Cumbria by Crime Decile
Crime is an important feature of deprivation that has major effects on individuals and communities. The Crime Domain measures the risk of personal and material victimisation at local level.
Barriers to housing and services domain
23.36 % (areas: 75) 12.77 % (areas: 41) 10.28 % (areas: 33) 6.54 % (areas: 21) 6.23 % (areas: 20) 5.61 % (areas: 18) 5.92 % (areas: 19) 6.23 % (areas: 20) 10.59 % (areas: 34) 12.46 % (areas: 40) Proportion of LSOAs in Cumbria by Barriers to Housing and Services Decile
The Barriers to Housing and Services Domain measures the physical and financial accessibility of housing and local services. The indicators fall into two sub-domains: 'geographical barriers', which relate to the physical proximity of local services, and 'wider barriers'which includes issues relating to access to housing such as affordability.
Living environment domain
7.17 % (areas: 23) 6.54 % (areas: 21) 6.23 % (areas: 20) 7.79 % (areas: 25) 8.10 % (areas: 26) 9.66 % (areas: 31) 9.03 % (areas: 29) 12.77 % (areas: 41) 9.03 % (areas: 29) 23.68 % (areas: 76) Proportion of LSOAs in Cumbria by Living Environment Decile
The Living Environment Deprivation Domain measures the quality of the local environment. The indicators fall into two sub-domains. The 'indoors' living environment measures the quality of housing; while the 'outdoors' living environment contains measures of air quality and road traffic accidents.
Children in low income families| Cumbria
Children in low income families
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 4+ children: 3.6 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 3 children: 4.1 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in families with 2 children: 5.5 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in single child families: 3.8 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in lone parent families: 11.1 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children living in two-parent families: 5.9 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  All children: 17 #color:0xD1D0D5 England  Children under 16: 17 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 4+ children: 4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 3 children: 4.4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in families with 2 children: 5.7 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in single child families: 4 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in lone parent families: 11.7 #color:0x827676 North West  Children living in two-parent families: 6.4 #color:0x827676 North West  All children: 18.1 #color:0x827676 North West  Children under 16: 18 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in families with 4+ children: 2.1 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in families with 3 children: 2.8 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in families with 2 children: 4.2 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in single child families: 3.1 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in lone parent families: 7.9 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children living in two-parent families: 4.3 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  All children: 12.1 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Children under 16: 12.2 Percentage of children in low income families for Cumbria for 2016
CumbriaNorth WestEngland
Count%Count%Count%
Children under 16 living in low income families9,67012.2241,885181,707,83517
Children living in low income families11,23512.1282,00018.11,974,03517
Children in two-parent families living in low income families3,9404.399,9506.4680,3155.9
Children of lone parents living in low income families7,3007.9182,05011.71,293,72011.1
Children living in single child low income families2,8553.162,8054439,9453.8
Children living in low income families with 2 children3,8454.288,2555.7635,9855.5
Children living in low income families with 3 children2,5902.868,3304.4478,3304.1
Children living in low income families with 4 or more children1,9502.162,6054419,7703.6
This is the number of children living in families in receipt of Child Tax Credit whose reported income is less than 60% of the median income, or in receipt of either Income Support or Income-Based Jobseekers Allowance as a percentage of the number of children in families receiving Child Benefit. These statistics are based on a snapshot of several data sources on a specified day (usually 31st August). The data used comes from administrative databases on benefits and tax credits held by the Department of Work and Pensions and Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs. The statistics are based on the finalised awards tax credits data – that is, they are based on a finalised view of family incomes and circumstances - and as such are derived from a full set of administrative records rather than a sample.
Fuel Poverty| Cumbria
Households that experience fuel poverty
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 11.1 #color:0x827676 North West  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 12.8 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Percentage of households in fuel poverty: 12.2 Households in fuel poverty for Cumbria for 2016
CumbriaNorth WestEngland
Count%Count%Count%
Households in fuel poverty28,06012.2399,34412.82,550,56511.1
Homelessness| Cumbria
Numbers accepted as being homeless and in priority need
#color:0xD1D0D5 England  Homeless and in priority need: 2.41 #color:0x827676 North West  Homeless and in priority need: 1.69 Homeless and in priority need for Cumbria for 2017-2018
CumbriaNorth WestEngland
CountPer 1,000CountPer 1,000CountPer 1,000
Homeless and in priority need - per 1,000 householdsN/AN/A5,3001.756,5802.4
Out of work benefits| Cumbria
Children in Out of Work Benefit Claimant households in Cumbria
#color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Aged 16-18: 1175 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Aged 11-15: 2545 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Aged 5-10: 3550 #color:0x0167BB Cumbria  Aged 0-4: 3705 Number of children in Out of Work Benefit Claimant households for Cumbria for 2017
CumbriaNorth WestEngland
Children aged 0-43,70583,750528,100
Children aged 5-103,55086,600532,680
Children aged 11-152,54561,970378,170
Children aged 16-181,17528,900174,000
These are households where at least one parent or guardian claimed one or more of the following out-of-work benefits: Jobseeker’s Allowance, Income Support, Employment and Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit/Severe Disablement Allowance, Pension Credit or Universal Credit at 31 May of the relevant year. A claimant may be in receipt of a combination of any of these benefits.
Report generated at CumbriaCumbria