In 2011, Cumbria had a higher proportion of the working population with no qualifications (24.2%) than England as a whole (22.5%). However, the proportion in Cumbria was equivalent to the North West Region (24.8%). The proportion of young people in apprenticeships in the County (5.9%) was higher than in the North West (3.9%) and nationally (3.6%). In terms of deprivation amongst young people, there were a significantly lower proportion of children in low income families in Cumbria (15.5%) in 2014 than in the North West (22.8%) and the country as a whole (20.1%). Below are some key statistics relating to children and young people in Cumbria. To view these key statistics for smaller areas within the county (i.e. districts, electoral divisions, wards and LSOAs) please click on the ‘Maps’ and ‘Profiles’ options above and for more detailed briefings, summaries, resources, data sources, key documents and useful links, please visit our Further Information page.
Children & Young People
This report is available for the following features:
Improving the level of education and skills present within a local population remains an important policy objective for both local and central government. The task of implementing initiatives to improve life-long learning and enhance individual development (and employability) represents a significant and essential challenge for local authorities.
Early years| Cumbria
The early years foundation stage (EYFS) sets standards for the learning, development and care of your child from birth to 5 years old. Children are defined as having reached a good level of development if they achieve at least the expected level in the early learning goals in the prime areas of learning (personal, social and emotional development; physical development; and communication and language) and the early learning goals in the specific areas of mathematics and literacy.
Key Stage 2| Cumbria
Key stage 2 refers to Year 3 to Year 6 and to pupils aged between 7 and 11. At the end of key stage 2, pupils are assessed by national curriculum tests in reading, mathematics and grammar, punctuation and spelling. Pupils also receive a teacher assessment outcome in writing, science, reading and mathematics based on the standards in the interim frameworks for teacher assessment. The combined measures use the reading and mathematics test results and the outcome of the writing teacher assessment.
Key Stage 4| Cumbria
Key stage 4 refers to Year 10 and Year 11, when pupils are aged between 14 and 16. Most children take GCSEs or other national qualifications in Year 11.
Key Stage 5| Cumbria
Key stage 5 refers to the two years of education for students aged 16-18 sitting AS and A levels.
An enrolment’s overall absence rate is the total number of overall absence sessions as a percentage of the total number of possible sessions available to that enrolment, where overall absence is the sum of authorised and unauthorised absence and one session is equal to half a day. Authorised absence is absence with permission from a teacher or other authorised representative of the schools. This includes instances of absence for which a satisfactory explanation has been provided e.g. illness. Unauthorised absence is absence without permission from the school. This includes all unexplained or unjustified absences and arrivals after registration has closed. Persistent absence is when a pupil enrolment’s overall absence equates to 10 per cent or more of their possible sessions.