Overview & Introduction

The purpose of this Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) is to assess the current and future health and social care needs of children and young people with a special educational need including a learning difficulty and/or disability (SEND).  This SEND JSNA will focus on the 0-25 years population (up to the 25th birthday) unless an individual leaves education then this can cease.

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND) definition

“A child or young person has a special educational need (SEN) if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for him or her” (Source: SEND Code of Practice: 0 to 25 years, January 2015; Department for Education and the Department of Health.

Special Educational Needs (SEN) Support definition

Special Educational Needs support is the process schools and other settings use to identify and meet the needs of children with special educational needs.  There are different types of Special Educational Needs support depending on the age of the child or young person.  Special Educational Needs support is available for children under 5; children aged between 5 and 15; and young people aged 16 or over (up to 25 years) in further education.  A child may need an Education, Health & Care Plan (EHCP) if they need more support than their school or setting provides (Source: Children with Special Educational Needs; Gov.uk).

Education, Health and Care Plan (sometimes called an EHCP) definition 

An Education, Health and Care Plan describes a child’s special educational needs and the support they will receive to meet their needs.  An EHCP also includes any health and care provision that is needed.  It is a legal document written by the Local Authority and is intended to ensure that children and young people with an EHCP receive the support they need.  EHCPs are for children  and young people  (from 0 to 25 years) who need more support than their school or other setting can provide.  The plans can start from a child’s birth and continue into further education and training .  EHCPs replaced Statements of Special Educational Need and Section 139 Learning Difficulty Assessments on 1 September 2014 (Source: What is an Education, Health and Care Plan? Barnado’s).

Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing – Deep Dive

Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing – Full document

Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing – Easy Read

Mental Health and Emotional Wellbeing – The Lived Experience of Families

Pupils with Education, Health & Care Plans; and Special Educational Needs support

SEND JSNA – EHCPs and SEN support.  Version 1. December 2019

Primary Category

SEND JSNA – Primary Category.  Version 1. December 2019


SEND JSNA – Health.  Version 1. December 2019.

Education and Attainment

SEND JSNA – Education and Attainment.  Version 1. December 2019.

Social Care

SEND JSNA – Social Care  Version 1. December 2019.

Integrated Care Community summary

SEND JSNA – Integrated Care Community summary;  Version 1.  February 2020.

SEND numbers by Integrated Care Community.  March 2020.

Emerging themes 

Following consultation, these are the emerging themes that have been identified for further work and development:

  • Developing a better understanding of geographical differences, deprivation and inequity of provision for our SEND population
  • Developing a better understanding of emotional well-being and mental health needs amongst our SEND population
  • Improving our understanding of needs of children and young people with autistic spectrum conditions
  • Improving our information about the needs and current service usage for 18-25 year olds in our SEND population  
  • Using the information to help us understand future needs – e.g. mapping trends and modelling for future needs
  • Improving our understanding of children and young people’s needs who are currently home educated, out of school, or not in employment or education
  • Improving our understanding of outcomes

In the meantime, if you have any additional comments or feedback please get in touch at SENDJSNA@cumbria.gov.uk

Supporting Tools

Source Description
Key Children & Young People  Statistics Profiles Statistical summary of children and young people, by county and district. Cumbria County Council.
Child and Maternal Health Profiles Interactive tool presenting a range of indicators for across a range of health and well-being themes. Public Health England.
Special educational needs in England statistics Information from the school census on pupils with special educational needs (SEN) and SEN provision in schools.  Department for Education.
SEN statistics Information from the school census on pupils with special educational needs (SEN) and SEN provision in schools.  Department for Education.
Statements of SEN and EHC Plans statistics Statistics and analysis on statements of special educational needs (SEN) and education, health and care (EHC) plans in England. Department for Education.
Learning Disabilities and Autistic Spectrum Disorder JSNA An assessment of the needs of people (children and adults) living in Cumbria with learning disabilities and/or autism analysis of the population in Cumbria.  Cumbria County Council.
Local Authority Interactive Tool (LAIT) An interactive spreadsheet for comparing data about children and young people across all local authorities in England.  Department for Education.
Council for disabled children – SEND Dashboard  A multi-agency 0-25years SEND data dashboard.  Council for Disabled Children.
LG Inform – Local area SEND reports Interactive performance reports presenting statistics on SEND for England and local authorities.  Local Government Association.
Outcomes for Children Looked After A range of outcome measures at national and local authority level for Children Looked After.  Department for Education.

SEND Local Offer

Cumbria’s Local Offer