The definition of population health jointly agreed by NHS England, NHS Improvement and Public Health England (2018) is as follows: “Population health is an approach aimed at improving the health of an entire population. It is about improving the physical and mental health outcomes and wellbeing of people within and across a defined local, regional or national population, while reducing health inequalities. It includes action to reduce the occurrence of ill health, action to deliver appropriate health and care services and action on the wider determinants of health. It requires working with communities and partner agencies”.
Population health management refers to ways of bringing together health-related data to identify a specific population that health services may then prioritise. For example, data may be used to identify groups of people who are frequent users of accident and emergency departments. This way of using data is also sometimes called ‘population segmentation’.
Key Data Sources
- Cumbria Observatory Custom Area Profiles
- Cumbria Observatory ICC Profiles
- Fingertips Public Health Profiles
- Local Health Profiles (Public Health England)